Initial and continuing vocational education and training plays a key role in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The idea is to help people better reflect upon the ecological, economic and social impacts of their actions. But how can this objective be met , and how can it be enshrined structurally within the education system? This BWP issue aims to shed light on the three dimensions of sustainability – social, economic and ecological – and to illustrate the relevant backgrounds and contexts. It also reveals a number of starting points for introducing sustainability into curricula and making it an active and integral part of education and training practice.