The examination system conducts over 400,000 final examinations per year and thus represents an important area within vocational education and training. As well as providing information on the skills, knowledge and competencies of individual candidates, examinations also reflect the effectiveness of the VET system itself. Ongoing quality assurance is required if they are to satisfy both of these functions. This issue of BWP investigates the question of how the examination system can keep pace with the shift that is taking place in VET. How can research findings be used to inform examination practice, and how are changes in training practice reflected in the way in which examinations are designed? What requirements are arising in terms of the organisation of examinations, and what demands are being made with regard to the competencies of examiners, most of whom are unpaid volunteers? This issue of BWP looks at these questions and other related topics.