Young men and women do not make the same decisions and choices regarding education, training and occupation. These gender-related differences in decision-making are perpetuated in subsequent employment histories and in the employment system. The articles in this issue of BWP attempt to explain why the differences occur as well as examine associated consequences for aspects such as professional success and the structure of occupations. A further question arises. Which measures are suitable in order for countering gender-segregating tendencies in education and training and in employment?