The LidA project investigated how learning pathways can be shaped at various industrial companies so as to be beneficial to the acquisition of cross-cutting competencies. For this purpose, digital learning contents were made available in a module-based way across three different types of learning pathway – strictly guided, autonomous or involving additional learning aids. The results of an empirical study show that learning success is not solely dependent on the structuring of the learning pathway. Other factors also play a role. The interplay between these aspects permits conclusions to be drawn with regard to the shaping of digital learning pathways.